Fertility has four major aspects Physical, Sexual, functional and Psychosocial (self, couple, family and society).
In physical aspect, we evaluate the female by testing the egg, tube, hormones (Thyroid, Prolactin, Progesterone, FSH, LH etc) and the male by semen analysis. Problems in these areas can be identified and progress for treatment can be assessed. These factors are evaluated individually and treated with medicines and procedures. Impact of Sexual factor on conception and doubts are cleared; sexual problems are addressed.
In functional aspect, all these factors work together and conception (Fertilization, Implantation & Maintenance of pregnancy) occurs. Immune and hormone factors are responsible for this. Conception depends on egg & sperm quality (immune function) and emotional state of mother (Hormone function).
There are no tests to detect these functions in normal course.
Fertility issue is like iceberg. Physical factors are the tip. Sexual, functional and emotional aspects are the submerged part of iceberg.
|Sperm Concentration||>15 millions/ml|
|Morphology||>4% normal forms|
|Vitality||75% live spermatozoa|
White Blood Cells
It’s a sonography to know egg size , rate of growth,time of release and uterus lining thickness).
Post-coital test (to see sperms in cervical mucus collected 3-6 hrs after intercourse) is also done during follicular study.
X-ray to know tubal patency and shape of uterus.
Measurements of thyroid (TSH,T4), Prolactin, Androgens (Testosterone, DHEA-S), FSH and LH,AMH, Estrogenand Progestrone may be helpful in certain situations to further elucidate the cause of ovulatory and luteal problems.
Hysteroscopy is useful for diagnosing and treating some problems that cause infertility, Septil Resection, miscarriages (eg., intrauterine adhesions, sub mucosal fibroids, endometrial polyps) and abnormal menstrual bleeding.